Hyponatremia

Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte abnormality. It can be acute or chronic. It can occur in isolation or as part of other disease processes.  Diagnosing its cause can be challenging in the Emergency Department and there may be some confusion over how to initially manage these patients. Let’s clear up that confusion, with a simple…

Read More

Pseudo vs real seizure

If you’ve worked in the emergency department for a few years, you will have seen a pseudo-seizure and hopefully have picked it. I know I was terrified of these in the early days, as I had trouble making the diagnosis and I had seen neurologists get it wrong. Now, they are a little easier to…

Read More