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The Patient with Diplopia

A 58 yo male presents to the emergency department with an 8 hour history of diplopia. He has no past medical history, has no allergies and is on no medications. He denies any recent illness or trauma. Recently a great journal article was brought to my attention and I thought everyone should hear about it….

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A 51 year old with collapse

The case A 51 year old male is brought into ED after collapsing at work. He had been lifting a box of shopping from the floor to a table when he collapsed. A colleague had heard a thud and entered the room to find the patient unresponsive on the floor with what sounds like agonal…

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A 29 yo male with sudden onset of flaccid paralysis

The Case A Previously well 29 year old male awoke at 0630hrs unable to move his torso or limbs. His initial complete paralysis had lessened somewhat after 2 hrs and he had managed to reach the phone and call for help. When the ambulance service arrived and forced entry he was found on his bed…

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A new DAWN for stroke treatment

Last week we looked at a case study involving a patient who awoke with stroke symptoms. In these cases there has been little to offer patients. Thrombolysis has no application here, given its 3-4 hour window. Endovascular mechanical thrombectomy has been hailed as the new treatment. Until January of 2018, trials in this area demonstrated…

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Intraosseous Access Results In Decreased Survival In Cardiac Arrest

A new study shows a decreased survival in out of hospital cardiac arrest(OHCA) when intraosseous(I/O) access is used instead if intravenous(IV) access as a means of delivering fluids and medications. I/O lines provide rapid access where IV is not available and are progressively being used as the first line of access, primarily because they are quick, easy, don’t interfere…

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Paediatric Heart Conditions You MUST KNOW

Congenital heart conditions present at birth, but can also present within the first month of life. We look at a simplified approach to the assessment and management of patients presenting with symptoms of congenital heart disease. In this video Dr Claire Wilkins, talks about these conditions and spits them into three categories: Patients presenting with SHOCK…

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Myocarditis

Myocarditis is simply an inflammation of the heart muscle, that can lead to myocardial cell damage, myocardial dysfunction and heart failure. A Recent Case A 15 yo male presents to the emergency department with sharp central chest pain that is worst on inspiration. The pain has woken him from sleep. There is no radiation although…

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Should We Shock Patients in Asystole?

Should cardiac arrest patients in asystole be shocked? Is there any advantage to this? What do we know about asystole in cardiac arrest? Patients in asystole are known to have a very poor prognosis, with 0% to 2% surviving to hospital discharge. There is a slightly better prognosis if the rhythm converts spontaneously to a shockable rhythm…

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Fever in the ED

Fever In The Emergency Department We like to see things as binary in the ED, troponins, d-dimers, CTPA they all give yes no answers. We often treat fever in a similar way, fever = infection just like our mothers taught us. But are we any better than a hand on the forehead, can we use temperature…

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Syncope Rules

Patients presenting with syncope to the Emergency Department can pose a significant diagnostic challenge. The two main reasons for this are: Syncope is a symptom, not a diagnosis. We need to search for the underlying cause. Adverse events can occur, when none are obvious or predictable during our Emergency Department evaluation. We know that the rate…

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